In support of the Monocacy Scenic River Plan (SLIDE SHOW)

The following is an informative slide show, presented in support of the draft Update of the Monocacy Scenic River Management Plan

You can view it three ways: 1) Scroll through the images and text below, 2) Click here to read or download it as a pdf file, with larger images and no notes, or 3) Click here to read or download it as a pdf file with smaller images and the supporting text information.

• The Monocacy is one of 9 rivers in Maryland designated as Scenic and Wild.

• The designation was created to protect rivers with outstanding scenic, geologic, ecologic, historic, recreational, agricultural, fishing and wildlife value.

• Counties are responsible for updating River Plans via Citizen Advisory Boards.

• Frederick County Executive Gardner requests update of 1990 Monocacy Scenic River Plan, as part of county comprehensive planning effort.

Some places appeared good, some not so good.

Problems:

• lack of depth of riparian buffer (vegetated areas next to water resources that protect them from pollution and provide bank stabilization and aquatic and wildlife habitat)

• hose coming out of water?

• The City of Frederick exceeds wastewater permit in 2017; Penalty $32,500/day

• Last year discharged almost 200,000 pounds of nitrogen and about 14,000 pounds of phosphorus: annual limits are approx 97,000 pounds of nitrogen; phosphorus 7,300 pounds

• Treatment plan to install denitrification filter to cut in half amount of nitrogen & phosphorus in treated wastewater; Cost: $12,000

Source: 12/22/17 Frederick News Post article “City exceeds wastewater permit in 2017 amid construction delays”

• Priority agricultural watersheds produce the most nitrogen & phosphorus pollution

• A pollution point source can be specifically identified, like a wastewater treatment plant

• Non-point sources of pollution cannot be specifically identified

• 64% of the land bordering the Monocacy is farmland; 7% is urban

• West of the Chesapeake Bay, Frederick County contributes heavily to Chesapeake Bay nitrogen pollution.

Source: the Chesapeake Bay program

Mitigation:

Regenerative Agriculture practices can reduce, then eliminate fertilizer (nitrogen & phosphorus) costs; restore soil health; sequester carbon; increase yields (google Gabe Brown and Soil Carbon Cowboys for short videos)

According to the River plan, the Monocacy supports:

• 20 species mammals; 100 species birds; 18 species reptiles & amphibians, 40 species of fish

• Some are rare, threatened, endangered

• Red-eared Slider (turtle)

• Increased drought periods put pressure on water supply for farming, residents & wildlife

• Toxin-producing organisms attracted to warmer water temperatures pose public health risk
Riparian buffers (vegetation along the banks of waterways) mitigate droughts and floods:

• Shade and cool water, decrease evaporation

• Recharge water supply

Mitigation:

• Tree leaves in riparian buffers dissipate velocity of rain, allow ground to absorb water and recharge River system

• Roots, especially deep roots, hold water in soil, prevent erosion, filter out impurities, e.g. nitrogen, phosphorus

• Frederick was settled because of the existence of the Monocacy River.

• The river itself is a shared resource -— not private property.

• Those fortunate enough to own land along it are especially responsible for its protection and the Monocacy Plan offers them assistance.

• Landowners, government and citizen organizations working together can ensure protection for our most important natural resource, the Monocacy River